An ultrasound scan, also known as a sonograph, uses high frequency sound waves to create an image of some part of inside of the body such as the stomach, liver, heart tendons, muscles joints and blood vessels.
Ultrasound has different applications in the field of medical science. Let us take a look at some of these applications.
Heart Disease: For patients showing symptoms of illness, ultrasound can examine the heart and circulatory system and provide necessary information about their structure and function. It is used to check the heart and valve abnormalities and also helps in evaluating the efficiency of the heart in pumping blood to the rest of the body. This helps in the early detection of the heart diseases.
Gynecology: Ultrasound is used to detect a wide range of gynecological conditions. It is often used as a part of a standard pelvic exam to find out conditions like internal bleeding, pelvic inflammatory disease, abscesses and pelvic masses. Ultrasound is also helpful in addressing infertility issues and also to monitor and examine the reproductive system in the early stages of embryo development in the fertility process.
Pregnancy and Fetal Imaging: Using ultrasound, doctors can predict premature delivery by examining the size of the cervix. A complete fetal exam involves imaging the baby's head, heart, kidneys, spine and stomach etc. to check for any abnormalities. Fetal aging during breeding period to predict calving date can be more precise if fetal body parts are measured on the ultrasound screen. Ultrasound also helps in checking for the possibility of multiple births, unusual orientation, if the baby is positioned correctly and also for sex determination.
Abdominal and Therapeutic Applications: Abdominal ultrasound helps in examining the liver, gall bladder, adrenal glands, pancreas, kidneys and other parts of the stomach and intestines and helps in detecting diseases like appendicitis. The high-frequency sound waves are used to vibrate the body cells and are therefore used in pain relief, scar reduction and skin and muscle regeneration.
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